Mid Autumn Festival is held every 15th of the 8th Lunar month in the Chinese calendar. On the Gregorian calendar, it usually falls around September or early October.
In 2022, the festival (which is often associated with the popular Mooncake) will fall on Saturday, September 10th 2022.
A. Mid Autumn Festival is Celebrated as a National Holiday in China
Mid Autumn Festival is celebrated as a National Holiday, which spans up to 3 days, starting from the 15th to the 17th of the Lunar calendar.
The holiday will always be celebrated regardless of the dates. If the festival falls on the end of September or Early October, it will be very close to the China National Day, which falls on the 1st of October. Hence, it could (very well) reach up to about 10 days of holiday!
When Mooncake Festival Dates Celebrated?
• Mooncake 2017: Wednesday, October 4th 2017
• Mooncake 2018: Monday, September 24th 2018
• Mooncake 2019: Friday, September 13th 2019
• Mooncake 2020: Thursday, October 1st 2020
• Mooncake 2021: Tuesday, September 21st 2021
• Mooncake 2022: Saturday, September 10th 2022
• Mooncake 2023: Friday, September 23st 2023
• Mooncake 2024: Tuesday, September 17st 2024
For the next 30 years, the Mid Autumn Festival will be celebrated at its earliest on the September 8t of 2033, whereas the latest date would fall on the October 6th of 2025.
B. Why is the Mid Autumn Festival Celebrated on the 15th of the 8th Lunar Month?
1. Traditional Calendar Season
According to the dating system for both the Chinese Lunar and traditional solar calendar, the 8th lunar month is the second month of the fall season.
Seeing that there are a total of 4 seasons, each with a 3 month period (~30 days) on the traditional calendar, the 15th of the 8th month is deemed appropriate to be celebrated as ”mid-autumn”.
Also read : Mooncake, Special food for the Tiong Chiu Pia / Mid Autumn Festival
2. Believed as a Full Moon Celebration
It is the common belief that on the 15th of the 8th month in the Lunar calendar, the moon will reach its highest possible position to be a full moon and emanating its brightest light. In the Chinese tradition, this phenomenon also represents an aspect of togetherness and reunion.
Families will get together with lots of love to share with one another. They will be having lots of fun like dinner, moon gazing, and of course: eating the special mooncake.
Also read : The legend of Chang’e and Hou Yi; A Love Story between a Pretty Woman and the 9 Sun Archer.
As a Celebration for Harvesting
Traditionally speaking, the 15th of the 8th Month in the Lunar calendar is regarded as the time for rice to be harvested. So, Chinese people will celebrate the harvest while giving thanks to the God (天; Tian).
Also read : Here Are the 10 best Mooncake flavors; The Delicacy of Eastern and Western Flavors.